Rug Materials

We are able to manufacture rugs from 28 different materials, more than any of our competitors. Materials derived from animals, insects, plants and synthetics stretch our field of options.

We care deeply about the quality of each material, the base of every rug.


One of the advantages of working with The Carpet Maker is our renowned flexibility to meet every one ofyour requirements. We are committed to allowing our customers to decide each detail, without limitations. This begins with our extensive choice of materials.

To share a little more about our process, we would like to introduce you to some of the better known materials from each category and their most common uses.

First among our animal materials is wool. Without a doubt, this is the fabric most used in rug manufacturing. Our wool is completely natural and sustainably sourced, sheared from sheep once a year. We make sure these sheep are raised in the countryside with plenty of space to roam so their wool is at its best. Wool is an incredible material to use, renewable and biodegradable. When wet, wool can even be used in the soil as fertilizer and to help keep weeds from growing, just as chestnut is planted in wet cotton. This phenomenon can be explained from the nitrogen atoms released from wool when it decomposes.

Made from insects, or more precisely their cocoons, comes silk. Silk is as shiny and luxurious as it is comfortable and strong. With its filament fibers silk never sheds and it does not collect static electricity. Unlike wool, silk is not a renewable material – it is necessary to breed new worms for each batch. This lengthy, costly production process is what makes silk such an expensive material. When The Carpet Maker decided to base its headquarters in northeastern Thailand it was to boost local employment and also for the area’s high-quality silk. If you have any high-quality silk, there is a good chance it was produced in northeastern Thailand. Alongside the natural process of creating silk The Carpet Maker decided to step away from tradition and to show some more concern for our little silkworm friends. Thanks to innovation and advancements we are now able to produce rugs with a 100% synthetic silk named “K-Silk” which has all the advantages of synthetic fibers as well as the beauty of natural silk.

Our wide variety of natural materials extends beyond animals and insects – many come directly from plants.

A well-loved selection is cotton, the kind of materials for textile products. You may have noticed that 80% of your clothes are made from cotton, and not just because it's so soft and comfortable. Thanks to its plant attributes cotton is able to absorb up to 27 times its weight in water – a useful characteristic for bathroom rugs which are often wet and need to be machine washed regularly. Furthermore your cotton clothes keep you warm due to cotton’s insulating features, preventing the dissipation of heat released from your body.

While linen might not be as popular as cotton, it is a valuable plant fiber. Derived from flax, linen is one of the original fibers used in rug manufacturing. Indeed the oldest linen rugs on record were woven during the Mesopotamian era. Linen is also an eco-friendly fiber. According to The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization linen can be grown with thirteen times less insecticide than some vegetables require. More directly, linen is a material which can be dyed easily, it can absorb large quantities of liquids and it is a dry, cool fiber perfectly suited to hot weather.

The most environmentally-friendly material is Tencel. Its correct fiber name is lyocell but the Tencel fabric company developed this material under their own name. Tencel won the “European Award for the Environment” from the European Union by creating this material to be 100% natural and biodegradable. Derived from decomposed tree farm wood pulp, Tencel is a dry and breathable fabric which is very light, softer than cotton, and highly resistant to mold.

A staple among our plant fibers is jute, famous the world over for its sustainable properties. Jute is one of the easiest plants to grow and after being harvested it will continue to produce new sprouts without having to be replanted. As a textile for carpets jute is especially useful – it can dampen loud noises, reduce static electricity, provide insulation from thermal variations and avoid moisture in hot, humid areas.

One of our finest plant fibers is bamboo. Bamboo is one of most prolific wild plants and one of the most renewable ones too because of its fast growth. Asia is dotted with extensive bamboo forests growing naturally without human intervention, and the plants are cultivated without the use of chemical fertilizers. It has an incredibly comfortable, soft touch similar to silk and it matches silk’s elegant, shiny appearance – there’s no wonder it is called the “silk” of plant fibers.

Our third main category is synthetics, which look similar to natural fabrics but have all the advantages of artificial materials.

Polypropylene is manufactured and dyed in the same process, which makes it one of the most resilient fabrics, refusing to fade even when subjected to bleaching and intensive washings. As a synthetic material, polypropylene is not affected by mildew or moisture and doesn't shed. It is often used for outdoor rugs because it stands strong and regal, impervious to weather conditions.

Another common synthetic fiber is nylon. Famous for its durability, nylon will always return to its normal shape even after a crowd of footsteps. Ideal for rugs in high traffic spaces, it resists abrasion and just like polypropylene, nylon isn't bothered by mold or mildew.