Most of our carpets are made from natural materials and all are 100% biological out of respect for carpet manufacturing traditions. With these institutions in our hearts we are committed to remaining on the cutting edge. Investment in new technologies enables us to provide synthetic materials which are hypoallergenic and more resilient than natural fibers.
Let us present some of our main carpet fabrics, including the details of their origins and some of their unique advantages to show our commitment to transparency with our customers.
The first and most popular carpet fabric is of course wool. It is a 100% natural fabric which comes directly from free-range sheep that roam green fields and are sheared only once per year. It is a harmless process to shear sheep and they completely grow their fleece back in 10 months. We are partial to wool as a carpet fabric because it is absolutely renewable and has no negative impact on the natural circle of life. In addition to being the most sustainable fiber in the world wool is also completely biodegradable. In fact wool’s main component is keratin, an organic protein with particular chemical characteristics which allow it to fully dissolve into the earth, adding extra nutrients to the soil.
Our next carpet fabric, and one more luxurious than wool, is silk. Thai silk is famous all over the world and The Carpet Maker's headquarters are based in the area of Thailand where silk has been produced through the generations for hundreds of years. Silkworm breeding is a tradition here and we can still find many producers around our offices. If silk is the most expensive fabric and deserves its famous reputation as a textile fabric it is mostly because of its soft touch, its comfortable feeling and its shiny appearance compared to any other material. Besides being the most elegant carpet fabric, silk has many advantages: it has strong mold resistance, it doesn't store static electricity and thanks to its filament fibers it doesn't shed, making silk the strongest natural material. We could also point out the sad fact that producing silk requires the sacrifice of many silk worm cocoons. It’s for this reason that we also produce a synthetic silk, K-Silk which doesn't involve silk worms in its production process. At The Carpet Maker we value innovation.
After considering animal-based carpet fabrics, we move on to materials derived from plants. There are so many that we will only touch on the highlights.
To begin, the most renowned plant-based carpet fabric is cotton. Cotton is the most popular material used in making clothes, and not only because it is so comfortable. There are chemical reasons as well. For example it is important to notice that since cotton comes from a plant it is capable of absorbing up to 8.5% of its weight in water, which is perfect for a tee-shirt absorbing perspiration or a cotton mat soaking up water in the bathroom. Cotton also has insulating attributes which hold heat close to the body and make cotton clothes and carpets feel so warm.
Another natural carpet fabric made from plants is linen. The main component of linen is called flax which belongs to the bast fiber category and it has been used by carpet manufacturers since the ancient Mesopotamian era. There are many advantages to be found in using linen. First it needs a lot less water to grow than cotton plants, and it doesn't require the use of enzymatic fertilizers. Also, linen is an extremely durable material – almost three-times more so than cotton. It doesn’t accumulate static electricity, and linen is even biodegradable.
Tencel is a favorite natural fabric. It is the winner of the “European Award for the Environment” for the European Union tencel production process, making it one of the most eco-friendly plant carpet fabrics. Tencel is 99% decomposed wool pulp from tree farms. Along with being a great sustainable material, it is a breathable fiber which is 50% more resistant to mold than cotton or wool. Furthermore it is a natural anti-bacterial fabric which makes it the healthiest plant fiber among carpet fabrics.
One more popular plant material is jute. Among our environmentally-friendly fibers, jute is incredibly easy to grow and it is renewable, which means it will regrow by itself without the need to plant new trees. Of course it is biodegradable, it doesn't conduct static electricity, and it has low thermal conductivity as well as noise insulation attributes. What’s more, it is not an invasive plant species and jute doesn't even take much space or energy to grow.
The final member in our plant-based carpet materials is bamboo. If you like the shiny appearance and soft touch of silk but you don't want to sacrifice silkworms for your carpet and a synthetic silk such as K-Silk isn’t to your liking, then bamboo is the perfect material for you. In fact, silk and bamboo share many similarities, except for the fact that it is made from a plant. Plus, just like tencel, it is a very hygienic fiber. Bamboo is also highly absorbent, it resists offensive odors and it is anti-UV.
Those are our plant and animal carpet fabrics, but our description wouldn’t be complete without some discussion of our synthetic materials, created with scientific techniques and our continual improvements.
One of the most renowned synthetic carpet fabrics is polypropylene. For polypropylene yarns, the color dyeing is a part of the production process which means the dye is applied while the material is being created, opposite to other yarns where colors are added after the creation process. This particularity gives polypropylene a strong resistance to bleaching during machine washing and to fading if exposed to the sun. And just like other synthetic materials polypropylene robustly resists mold, mildew, stains, shedding and water. It is the best carpet fabric for outdoor carpets and rugs.
Another widely admired synthetic carpet fabric is nylon. Nylon is an extremely long-lasting material. A good quality nylon carpet can easily last for decades. Nylon has yarn memory too, which leaves it unaffected by footprints. It is considered the strongest, so it is popular in high traffic areas. Also, nylon does not show dirt easily and it is impervious to abrasion.